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Category: basis

Basic concepts of critical thinking

The Holistic Critical Thinking Scoring Rubric – HCTSR

A Tool for Developing and Evaluating Critical Thinking

The Holistic Critical Thinking Scoring Rubric (HCTSR) is an internationally known rating tool used to assess the quality of thinking displayed in verbal presentations or written reports. The HCTSR can be used in any training program or assessment process. Its greatest value is obtained when used by trainees to assess the quality of their own or another’s reasoning. The exercise of applying this holistic evaluation leads trainees to internalize descriptions of strong (and weak) thinking.

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How to develop your intellectual traits

Critical Thinkers Routinely Apply Intellectual Standards To The Elements Of Reasoning In Order To Develop Intellectual Traits

The original was taken here: Critical Thinkers Routinely Apply Intellectual Standards To The Elements Of Reasoning In Order To Develop Intellectual Traits

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Intellectual Standards Are Used to Assess Thinking

People who want to develop their thinking, their own decisions, to question the existing hypotheses, as well as to put forward new ideas, need guidance, which helped to move in the right direction. Here are the basic criteria for the assessment of his thoughts, which highlights critical thinking:

The original was taken here:  Intellectual Standards Are Used to Assess Thinking

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Questions а critical thinker ascs

In order to give our thinking in the right direction, to understand the current situation, to avoid manipulation and successfully solve the problem, we need to learn to ask the right questions.
For example:

 

The original was taken here: Questions a Critical Thinker Asks

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6 critical questions things to think about when someone has something to say

The original scheme can be found here: 6 critical questions things to think about when someone has something to say

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Critical Thinking Model

To Analyze Thinking We Must Identify and Question its Elemental Structures.

All Thinking Is Defined by the Eight Elements That Make It Up. Eight basic structures are present in all thinking: Whenever we think, we think for a purpose within a point of view based on assumptions leading to implications and consequences. We use concepts, ideas and theories to interpret data, facts, and experiences in order to answer questions, solve problems, and resolve issues.

Thinking, then:

  • generates purposes
  • raises questions
  • uses information
  • utilizes concepts
  • makes inferences
  • makes assumptions
  • generates implications
  • embodies a point of view

 
 
The original scheme can be found here: Critical Thinking Model – CriticalThinking.org
 
 
 

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Characteristics of Strong Critical Thinkers

Strong critical thinkers demonstrate the following characteristics:

  • inquisitive with regard to a wide range of issues
  • concerned to become and remain well-informed
  • alert to opportunities to use critical thinking
  • trusting in the processes of reasoned inquiry
  • self-confident in their reasoning skills
  • open-minded regarding divergent world views
  • flexible when considering alternatives and opinions
  • understanding of the opinions of other people
  • fair-minded when appraising reasoning
  • honest in facing biases, prejudices, stereotypes, or egocentric tendencies
  • prudent in suspending, making or altering judgments
  • willing to reconsider and revise views where honest reflection suggests that change is warranted

Based on the APA Expert Consensus Delphi Report description of strong critical thinkers.
 
Original article: Characteristics of Strong Critical Thinkers From the APA Delphi Report

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A Super-Streamlined Conception of Critical Thinking

Robert H. Ennis, 6/20/02

Assuming that critical thinking is reasonable reflective thinking focused on deciding what to believe or do, a critical thinker:

  1. Is open-minded and mindful of alternatives
  2. Tries to be well-informed
  3. Judges well the credibility of sources
  4. Identifies conclusions, reasons, and assumptions
  5. Judges well the quality of an argument, including the acceptability of its reasons, assumptions, and evidence
  6. Can well develop and defend a reasonable position
  7. Asks appropriate clarifying questions
  8. Formulates plausible hypotheses; plans experiments well
  9. Defines terms in a way appropriate for the context
  10. Draws conclusions when warranted, but with caution
  11. Integrates all items in this list when deciding what to believe or do

 
Original article: A Super-Streamlined Conception of Critical Thinking

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