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          24 ноября 2016        303         0



The general word meaning to exercise the mental faculties so as to form ideas, arrive at conclusions, etc. «Reason» implies a logical sequence of thought, starting with what is known or assumed and advancing to a definite conclusion through the inferences drawn. «Reflect» implies a turning of one’s thoughts back on a subject and connotes deep or quiet continued thought. «Speculate» implies a reasoning on the basis of incomplete or uncertain evidence and therefore stresses the conjectural character of the opinions formed. «Deliberate» implies careful and thorough consideration of a matter in order to arrive at a conclusion. Though everyone thinks, few people think critically. We don’t need instruction to think; we think spontaneously. We need instruction to learn how to discipline and direct our thinking on the basis of sound intellectual standards.

See elements of thought, perfections of thought.

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